The most notable of the ecstatic prophets of the 9th cent. BCE, coming in time between the orgiastic bands of prophets who encountered Saul (1 Sam. 10:5 ff.) and the classical prophets of the 8th cent. Although the narratives relating Elijah's exploits contain theological ideas (e.g. an idea of a remnant similar to that found in Isaiah, 1 Kgs. 19:18) of a later age or even of post-exilic provisions of the Law (e.g. Num. 36:7–9), it is probable that there is a basis of historical fact in the recorded contests which Elijah pursued on behalf of Israel's traditions. Against the introduction of Baal worship by the Tyrian princess Jezebel, married to King Ahab, Elijah triumphantly vindicated his God when fire came down to consume his sacrifice on Mount Carmel [[➝ Carmel, Mount]] (1 Kgs. 18:38). He was told to anoint Jehu to take over the kingship (1 Kgs. 19:17), which Elisha his successor carried out (2 Kgs. 9:6).
The challenge to Baal was important in that his status as a fertility-god was diminished. When Elijah confronted Ahab because of his appropriation of Naboth's vineyard (1 Kgs. 21) he was appealing to an ancient Israelite concept of justice which even monarchs were not to override. The two stories show Elijah as champion of Yahweh the only God and the judge who defends the defenceless and exacts vengeance.
Elijah is mentioned by Malachi (4:5) in conjunction with the observance of the Law. It became a part of Jewish tradition that Elijah would come before the day of the Lord (Ecclus.=Sir. 48:10) and in observances of the Passover a place is regularly set for Elijah. He therefore is named in the NT in this role (Matt. 17:10–13); John the Baptist is the new Elijah. This identification is, however, denied in the gospel of John (1:20–1) which is determined to minimize the importance of the Baptist in relation to Jesus. (No baptism of Jesus is recorded in the fourth gospel.) Elijah, representing the prophets, is present along with Moses, giver of the Law, at the Transfiguration [[➝ transfiguration]] of Jesus (Mark 9:4). He is mentioned by Paul (Rom. 11:2) and James (5:17).

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  • ELIJAH — (Heb. אֵלִיָּהוּ, also אֵלִיָּה), Israelite prophet active in Israel in the reigns of ahab and Ahaziah (ninth century B.C.E.). In the opinion of some scholars, the designation the Tishbite of the inhabitants of Gilead (I Kings 17:1) supports the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Elijah — ist der Name eines biblischen Propheten, siehe Elija der Name eines schweizerischen Reggaemusikers, siehe Elijah (Musiker) Elijah ist der Vorname folgender weiterer Personen: Elija b. Loeb Fulda (ca. 1650–1720), jüdischer Gelehrter Elijah Blue… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elijah — • Old Testament prophet Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Elijah     Elijah     † Catholic E …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Elijah — m Biblical: name (meaning ‘Yahweh is God’) of an Israelite prophet whose exploits are recounted in the First and Second Book of Kings. Elijah s victory over the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel played an important part in maintaining the Jewish… …   First names dictionary

  • Elijah — name of the great O.T. prophet, from Heb. Elijjah, lit. the Lord is God. The Greek form is Elias …   Etymology dictionary

  • Elijah — [ē lī′jə, ilī′jə] n. [Heb eliyahu, lit., Jehovah is God] 1. a masculine name: dim. Lige; var. Elias, Ellis, Eliot 2. Bible a prophet of Israel in the 9th century B.C.: 1 Kings 17 19; 2 Kings 2:1 11 …   English World dictionary

  • Elijah — This article is about the prophet in the Hebrew Bible. For other uses, see Elijah (disambiguation). Prophet Elijah Elijah reviving the Son of the Widow of Zarephath by Louis Hersent Prophet, Apostle to Ah …   Wikipedia

  • Elijah — /i luy jeuh/, n. 1. a Hebrew prophet of the 9th century B.C. I Kings 17; II Kings 2. 2. a male given name. [ < Heb eliyyah lit., my God is Yahweh] * * * I or Elias Hebrew Eliyyahu flourished 9th century BC Hebrew prophet. The Bible related that… …   Universalium

  • Elijah —    Whose God is Jehovah.    1) The Tishbite, the Elias of the New Testament, is suddenly introduced to our notice in 1 Kings 17:1 as delivering a message from the Lord to Ahab. There is mention made of a town called Thisbe, south of Kadesh, but… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Elijah — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Elijah est un nom propre qui peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Prénom et patronyme 2 P …   Wikipédia en Français

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